Breakthroughs which require a major rethink qualify; plate tectonics was a very tough sell for twenty-five to thirty years, before enough people managed to follow the data.
The clue in this area is when politicians hand-select scientists; you can always find a few on the fringe whose PhD’s look as good as any other if you’re sitting outside the academy, and you can cherry-pick qualifying remarks from the real experts to mislead the unwary.
Climate science and evolution have enemies with enormous followings. The consensus in those is very clear: a) evolution is real, and b) so is the approaching catastrophe of climate change due to human injection of CO2 into the atmosphere.
You didn’t read it here first.